October 10, 2022
Kenya is facing its worst drought in 40 years, triggering a food emergency as crops and livestock die.
According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 4.1 million people are experiencing high acute food insecurity in drought-affected areas of Kenya.
Tana River County is among the 10 counties hard hit by drought. Recently, the water levels of the Tana River — the longest river in Kenya and the main water source for livelihoods along the coastal semiarid plains — reached record lows, sending panic among residents living on the vast dryland complex. The Kenya Red Cross Society estimates that the dry weather has affected more than 200,000 people in the region and claimed the lives of over 2,000 livestock.
Tumaini United Methodist Church in Garsen responded by providing food and water to affected community members in the coastal part of Kenya.
With the help of partners, the church provided 300 individuals with emergency food rations.
The church also distributes clean water, which is outsourced from boreholes about four miles away from the church. A water tanker that holds 5,000 liters (about 1,300 gallons) comes to the church compound once a week.
The drought affects food security, trade and labor, and often women and children suffer most. In response, Tumaini United Methodist Church conducts weekly community feeding programs that support women and children with essential food items such as packed meals, maize meals, rice, cooking oil, baking flour, sugar and spaghetti.
The Rev. Margaret Halako Jilo, Tumaini senior pastor, is seeing an increase in the number of people seeking aid.
“You can’t tell them that there is nothing,” Jilo said. “As their shepherd, I must find a means to guarantee they feed. Oftentimes, I donate my own meals.
“Many households have been left without food, water or pasture for their cattle. Every day, scores of starving women and children walk to our church door seeking food support. We’re doing everything we can to meet their needs, but many families do not have sufficient food.”
The United Methodist Committee on Relief is responding to the hunger crisis in East Africa, including in Somalia and Ethiopia, by supporting partners in the region with emergency grants.
A proposal that UMCOR has received for a project in Kenya will explore new water sources to help struggling communities. The anticipated installation of a new borehole and the rehabilitation of three others, along with community education activities, potentially will improve water access for more than 100,000 people, the agency reports.
Muhammed Noor, 14, a Muslim student from the nearby village, said the drought often forces people to drink contaminated water, resulting in diarrhea.
“For the last two weeks,” Noor said, “we didn’t find water at the river and had to go to school without bathing. This week, we’ve been fetching clean water from a water tanker at the church compound.
“I am worried that my family will starve to death from thirst and hunger if we don’t find the water tanker at the church compound tomorrow or no food is given to us by the pastor,” he added.
For decades, water scarcity has been a major issue in Kenya. Relatively high population growth has resulted in years of recurrent droughts, poor water-supply management, contamination of available water and a sharp increase in water demand.
“The situation is worse,” he said, “but the drought doesn’t seem like (it is) ending soon. The challenge is identifying methods to implement mitigation strategies in vulnerable areas that would provide people with enough local coping mechanisms should drought reoccur.
“Preventing future disasters is critical to sustainable development, or else we merely repeat the cycles of misery and helplessness,” he said.
Grace Koraso, a lay leader at the church, said the situation has been difficult.
“The drought struggles have been tough and unbearable,” she said. “The government is not providing much assistance. The drought is bad for us, and we can only hope for respite as we pray and organize for additional help.”
Julia Ziunge of the Shirikisho community said she is grateful for the food support from the church.
“Seeing people go hungry makes me feel desperate,” she said. “I’m also dissatisfied that many of the promises made by government authorities to bring water have not been kept.”
The Rev. Bernard Amani, Mombasa District superintendent, said the prolonged drought has a long-term impact on the livelihoods of community members.
“People have been able to cope in the past, but these coping mechanisms have been eroded. We don’t want to see this happening in the same communities again. We are challenged as Christians to give people resilience when disaster comes through.”